Let’s try to place ourselves back at the dawn of the Spanish colonial era. You are a subject within the Aztec Empire. Your nation has lost a war, and the victors are changing society. What was called Tenochtitlan (“place of the prickly pear cactus”) is now called “New Spain” to indicate a “new” holding of the Spanish crown.
Among the changes are language (from Nahuatl into Spanish) and religion (Christianity). What do you suppose some of the adaptive challenges would be for the native people? How might they approach the new spheres of culture, religion, intermarriage, social privilege, and their general place inside the new Mexico?