English 245 (Blog Post #2: Auteur)

You’ve now had a chance to consider the auteur theory alongside David Lynch.  Let’s turn to another director.  What director (perhaps a personal favorite) qualifies as an auteur in your view?  What are some basic features (thematic and technical) about his/her art?  What gives this cinema, in the words of Andrew Sarris, “interior meaning”?

64 thoughts on “English 245 (Blog Post #2: Auteur)

  1. Stanley Kubrick is a director I would consider an auteur. Before becoming a director, Kubrick was a photographer, which has influenced his filmmaking process. Kubrick’s films display his perfectionist nature, where he took control of every technical aspect, including doing multiple shots of the same scene. His films were often controversial but honed a realist and satirical approach to heavy topics. The thing that gives Kubrick’s films “interior meaning” is his meticulous attention to detail in his staging, casting, and adaptation onscreen. Kubrick has covered a range of genres, yet his films include all these aspects of his filmmaking process.

  2. Wes Anderson is a director who I believe is an Auteur. Much of Anderson’s work is rooted in a lot visual pleasing shots as well as symmetry which can be seen throughout his films. He tends to create more “indie” films which focus on a similar premise of the main character being unhappy with a certain aspect of their life as well as some aspect of romance. He also shows consistency with his shots and specific color pallets for each film. What gives Anderson’s films their “interior meaning” can be seen in his attention to detail throughout his live action as well as animated films.

  3. One of my favorite directors, Wes Anderson, is what I consider an auteur to be. Each of his films is a visual spectacle to watch, as shot composition, actor positioning, camera movements, set design, color grading, and music choice all come together to create a dynamic and interesting scene. The use of miniatures, paintings, and stills adds to the feeling of each film; the viewer is aware of the “fantasy” aspects of the stories but is charmed nonetheless. One of my favorite parts of Anderson’s style, his “interior meaning,” is how he will often pick an aspect of filmmaking and run with it throughout the film, using it to add to the themes and emotions of the story. For example, the use of “framing” in the Grand Budapest Hotel; most of the shots are positioned to have a square or rectangle in the focus of the shot, or parts of the set creating a natural border around what’s in frame. Additionally, the aspect ratio is constantly being changed in order to not only tell the viewer what time period they’re currently viewing but to also add to the “story within a story within a story” plot.

  4. Quintin Tarantino is a director in which I believe is an auteur. Tarantino’s work usually includes dramatic violence, long scenes of dialogue, and an in-depth use of mise-en-scene tactics. His movies are usually in the genre of being high action, dark humor films with a nonlinear storyline. Examples of Tarantino’s work would include the “Kill Bill” series and “Once Upon a Time in Hollywood.” The way in which Tarantino directs his films allows the audience to have a close connection and feel like they could also be apart of the cast. What I believe gives Tarantino’s films “interior meaning” is the fact that he maintains the same type of camera angles and shots throughout his films and tries to maintain the same cast members, as well as technical crew when creating new films.

  5. M. Might Shyamalan is an easy choice for a director I believe is an Auteur. Nearly every movie he directs has his name plastered on the front of it like he is the author. Basically all of his films are supernatural based and have twists upon twists throughout the length films. Shyamalan shows consistency with generally having a huge twist at the ending of his films about supernatural situations, which, in my opinion, gives his films “interior meaning”. Shyamalan also makes appearances in each film, which further makes his films consistent. All of this together help flesh out Shyamalan’s “interior meaning” across his films.

  6. Steven Spielberg is a very famous Auteur. Of the many films he worked on and made his own, the one that probably gave him his biggest initial breakout was the film “Jaws” when it released in 1975. Moreover, this was far from the last film he worked on. He also went on to make other excellent films in other genres, such as: E.T., the Indiana Jones series, (along with George Lucas) and A.I. Artificial Intelligence, Jurassic Park, Schindler’s List, and Saving Private Ryan, just to name a few. Much like the other directors posted here, Steven Spielberg manages to give his films, no matter what genre they may be, “interior meaning” through his creative vision and passion for the subject. The amount of time and effort put in not only by Steven Spielberg, but also by his staff that works alongside him and assisted him is quite evident. All of the films mentioned already have one thing in common. They were all meticulously crafted with every shot coming across in the final cut the exact way the Auteur (Spielberg) wanted them to.

  7. I think that Christopher Nolan qualifies as an auteur. Some of his big themes are memory, identity, truth, and time. Nolan is known for his non-linear storytelling, where he uses flashbacks to emphasize many of those big themes. He often contrasts light and darkness to emphasize the identity of each character as they progress throughout the film and to aid in understanding the timeline. He is also well known for allowing the audience to feel like they are viewing the film from the character’s perspective. His attention to camera movements, complex storylines, and focus on dialogue to allow the audience to follow the film as if they are in the character’s shoes gives his films “interior meaning”.

  8. I think Rebecca Sugar qualifies as an auteur. I think that being a creative cinema director can extend to other formats such as television and animation, and Rebecca Sugar’s reoccuring themes of love, acceptance, trust, healing from trauma, and dealing with one’s past all come to a head in her directorial debut, Steven Universe the Movie, which deals heavily with all these themes. Before this she was a creative director on Adventure Time, where she put much of her themes and ideas into the tragic character Marceline the Vampire Queen, before creating her own show Steven Universe, which in a way was her continuation on much of Marceline’s themes. Marceline was a bi immortal vampire with parental issues and abandonment issues who sung a lot, and a lot of Steven Universe takes those themes to their fullest extent. SU is also full of queer themes, immortal beings, characters with parental issues and abandonment trauma, and of course lots and lots of singing. Steven Universe the Movie in that case is the fullest exploration of Rebecca Sugar’s themes and ideas, and I think she absolutely qualifies as an auteur.

  9. Sam Rami is a director who I would consider as an Auteur. Rami is one of the most influential horror directors of all time, with his classic Evil Dead trilogy. Rami excels at showing the audience gruesome and gory scenes while adding dark and slapstick humor into his scenes. Even when Rami is not doing a horror movie, he knows how to add chilling horror scenes into his non-horror movies, like in the original Spiderman trilogy. Sam Rami also excels at creating shots in his horror films that resemble a nightmare-fueled fever dream. What gives Rami’s films their “interior Design” is his over-the-top and campy storytelling. Many of his movies are exaggerated in the acting, the special effects, the blood/gore, and how he tells his stories. The exaggeration adds something unique to the movie, making it fun and automatically recognizing a Sam Rami movie.

  10. When we started learning about auteurs, the first person that came to mind for me is Tim Burton. I grew up watching a lot of Burton’s films and I definitely think he qualifies as an auteur because he has a very distinct style. To name a few of his works: Beetlejuice, Nightmare Before Christmas, and Edward Scissorhands. These three (and so many more) have Burton’s signature of being dark, distorted, and misunderstood. I think Burton’s “interior meaning” is how the characters are often designed as dead-looking (with dark circles under the eyes and sagging skin), the overall visuals have low saturation, and the characters are misunderstood and/or cast out from others. This shows up in almost all of his works and is very consistent to his brand.

  11. To me, director Bong Joon-Ho qualifies as an auteur because his movies often focus on societal dynamics, whether that be family structure or classism, and what they may look like when taken to the extreme. His films often include a weaving of various genres together which can be seen in his most recent movie, Parasite, which goes fairly seamlessly between social commentary to thriller to family drama. Joon-Ho also does not mind portraying violence which is often a result of the aforementioned extremes his characters are driven to, and those acts of violence are left with the viewer to content how justified they are. This cinema has interior meaning because Joon-Ho is known for his nuanced critiques of capitalism throughout many of his movies and none of them shy away from the brutal, often violent realities of such societal divides.

  12. 2. A director that I consider to be an auteur is David O. Russel. In almost all of Russel’s films, he really focuses on his characters in great detail. Russel doesn’t just give his characters a short back story, but he gives them a full 360 view and allows viewers to look through and around them. By doing this for all his characters, it gives his films a feeling of intensity which draws in the viewers. Not only does Russel give his films great intensity, but he also creates very powerful and emotional scenes because he focuses so much on each and every character. The thing that gives Russel’s films that “interior meaning” is once again the detail he gives for each and every character creating that intense and emotional feel.

  13. A director that I consider to be an auteur is David O. Russel. In almost all of Russel’s films, he really focuses on his characters in great detail. Russel doesn’t just give his characters a short back story, but he gives them a full 360 view and allows viewers to look through and around them. By doing this for all his characters, it gives his films a feeling of intensity which draws in the viewers. Not only does Russel give his films great intensity, but he also creates very powerful and emotional scenes because he focuses so much on each and every character. The thing that gives Russel’s films that “interior meaning” is once again the detail he gives for each and every character creating that intense and emotional feel.

  14. I think of Clint Eastwood as an auteur because of how he gives his films their interior meaning–his focus is on exploring interpersonal relationships, the human experience at work. In “American Sniper”, two snipers, American and Iraqi, were hunting each other. The American had to kill the Iraqi sniper to save his American buddies’ lives; then he could finally go home. Eastwood exacts patience in, and full development of, his characters; the audience will understand why they love, kill, hate, play, with dynamic action scenes yet with a lack of pretense. Think “Unforgiven” or “Million Dollar Baby”.

  15. Mel Brooks is an example of an auteur director. His movies are all within the comedy genre, but they have interior meaning. Their interior meaning is focused on cultural elements, costuming and make-up, and behavior of figures. The movement in his actors is always exaggerated, such as fight scenes. Mel Brooks uses vulgarity and exaggerated movement not only as a comedy style but also to demonstrate cultural elements in his movies. In Spaceballs, he has an entire family named a word that is not allowed to be used here. Many of his movies are not considered politically correct due to mockery of cultural elements, including racism. Mel Brooks movies are consistent in feel and familiarity to provide the audience with high-quality comedy films.

  16. One director that comes to mind who I would consider and auteur is Tim Burton. He has such a unique style of his movies where the plot is very dark and twisted and his style is claymation which is a very long and hard process to film. The characters often have very tired soulless looking features which makes them unique to his brand, alongside the fact they are claymation characters. I feel like whenever you see a Tim Burton movie you know it’s a movie directed by him when you see the characters and the plot of the story.

  17. Christopher Nolan is undeniably an auteur. His style is psychologically and philosophically curious, and he loves to play with a viewer’s mind. He carves distinctly unpredictable plots, as seen from earlier hits like Memento (2000) through to recent releases like Tenet (2020). He layers his narratives with technical choices like dynamic timelines, rotating shots (like the “barrel roll” filming technique, which subliminally supports the whole idea of turning a world upside down or looking at your world a different way), and dark lighting. Nolan shapes his films with consistent themes of obsession, consciousness, time, space, and reality, which drives the interior meaning of his work.

  18. Woody Allen qualifies as an auteur. Woody Allen has a strong presence in his films. Woody tends to use creativity in forming his films because he liked to find ways to execute them with a tight budget, especially early in his career. Woody likes to film in big cities such as New York, San Francisco, and Rome. Such as in Midnight in Paris, the first three minutes shows the city in a romantic sentimental way. He uses romantic references throughout his films and frequently involves relationship complications. His humor is very absurd and blunt. Woody explores life and love throughout his films with a strong emphasis on the female role. He often uses psychoanalytic concepts throughout his films including strong desires, repression, anxiety, and sexuality. Woody also likes to take on multiple roles in his films being director, screenwriter, and often a character in his films. An example being Annie Hall where he is the main character and the modern romance in New York which differs from a Hollywood studio film. Woody Allen’s films contain “interior meaning” because they have master shots, strong choreography, and are dialogue heavy. His films are strongly remembered for his theme and character in the film.

  19. A director that I would consider to be an auteur is Quentin Tarantino. Throughout Tarantino’s career, he has taken control over films and is very involved in the filmmaking process. For the way he directs movies, he is very well known for the use of realism as well as his diverse approach to how his audience perceives them. He effectively portrays his true auteur style films by combining his landscapes, music, shots, and other elements that are thriller genre. Tarantino has a unique style that cannot be matched. His films are also known for their lengthy, intense dialogue, humorously dramatic action, and often nonlinear scripts. The revenge plot is a well-known recurring theme in his films, as seen in films like Kill Bill, Django Unchained, as well as others. A few other recurring elements are the usage of black and white, mirror shots, violent awakenings and dancing scenes.

  20. Julie Taymor is one of my favorite directors of all time and very deserving of the title Auteur. Through her career she was able to make masterpieces that embraced the tragedy of human life and storytelling by making them beautiful. There’s a certain aesthetic in her films that portrays the stories in abstract and vivid ways as well. For instance in Frida (2002) when the tragic bus accident occurs where Frida is left bed ridden; she ends the scene in slow motion, covered in gold, and blood. You know the character is seriously injured, but you can’t help but look at the mangled body and think of art. Other films worth mentioning that contribute to the theme of tough but beautiful would be Across the Universe (2007) and The Glorias (2020).

  21. Martin Scorsese in my opinion is a great representation of an auteur. Scorsese includes many similar elements throughout different genres of his movies that provide “interior meaning”. First, the biggest feature I see in a Scorsese film is the use of a driven, ruthless male lead that is usually in a predicament of peril that has arisen from circumstances of the character’s own doing. This can be seen in films such as “Goodfellas”, “Wolf of Wall Street”, and “Taxi Driver”. All these movies have male characters with ambitious intentions of trying to better themselves only to fall to their own demise. For Example, in “Goodfellas” the main character, Henry Hill, is a rag to riches story of an American mobster who eventually gets too big for his britches and eventually gets caught by the FBI. Also, another prominent feature of his movies is the use of heavy dialogue and intense cinematic viewing. He does a great job of making the viewer feel the emotional experiences of his characters. Scorsese also uses sound design to his advantage in a way where certain scenes pair up with the music woven into them. Furthermore, another feature of “interior meaning” in films is the presence of his Italian-New York roots. In all of his prominent gangster films he ties in his Italian heritage. Martin Scorsese is a great director who uses interior meaning in his own way to help make his film’s memorable. Whether it’s the film’s internal controls prompting a character’s rise and fall, mature dialog, or Italian flair, Scorsese finds a way to add his own creativity for viewers to enjoy.

  22. When thinking of auteurs, many worthy directors come to mind. But for me, George Lucas stands out the most. His ability to create unique and deeply characterized characters, and to create a complex universe makes him qualified to be considered an auteur. He had no books to reference the star wars universe off of. He wanted people to see the world he had created, and not just read about it. Each planet you see is different from the last, Tatooine is a pure desert world. Hoth is all cold and icy, and Endor is mostly forest. The characters are all unique as well. Yoda is wise with the force, Obi-wan is resourceful and cunning, Anakin is arrogant, fearful, and loyal, and Mace Windu is justice and moral. George Lucas’ films have interior meaning through the characters and how they react and interact with their environment and with other characters. The conflicts that they face, and the self realization that they go through. For example, Anakin Skywalker starts out as a work boy on Tatooine, but gets picked up by Qui-gon because of his potential with the force. He then becomes Obi-wan’s Padawan and learns the ways of the force as well as the Jedi code. He then gets attached to Padme, too attached that his focus shifts to saving her from his fear which develops from nightmares. Which leads him to Palpatine and ultimately the dark side. This whole character arc as well as others is what makes George Lucas’ films have interior meaning. It also shows his ability to be an author of film. being able to master the art of character development and world creation.

  23. One director I would consider and auteur would be Henry Selick. You’ll notice that a majority of his works are stop motion based/inspired, and that he tends to lean towards more of a creepy vibe. Selick enjoys creating dark fantasies with his works, and having the audience be on the edge of their seats. He worked on films such as Coraline, The Nightmare Before Christmas, and even assisted in creating the video game Little Nightmares. Selick’s “interior meaning” would be that his themes are quite otherworldly and alien. He changes the definition of what a children’s film is supposed to be, and strays away from what is expected. This is a constant theme in all of his films, the goal isn’t to scare the audience, it’s to make them interested but uncomfortable.

  24. I believe Edgar Wright is a great example of a modern film autuer. Edgar is clearly technically competent as shown through his style of directing. All his films utilize quick cuts and syncopated sound editing to make mundane tasks or activities more entertaining. Part of Wright’s style is utilizing quick cuts, entrance and exit of subjects into frame, sound effects, and matching shots to make the audience laugh. There’s certain things he loves to do, such as, sync actions up to the beat of a song or give you details on event within the film using scattered dialogue heard while flipping through channels. The quick cuts and sound effects give Edgar a style I would describe as attention grabbing and action packed. There are no boring shot in his films and always keep the audiences attention throughout. He also loves to include little details that may be foreshadowing the film or maybe call backs from earlier in the movie which heighten that sense that you need to pay attention even more. I think the “interior meaning” in his films are that feeling you get after each quick cut transition or wipe transition into the next day or location. It’s a feeling of adrenaline almost. It keeps you watching. It makes you want to see more. It’s almost like a high watching his films and you can’t wait get more of those shots. Well, at least that’s how I feel about it. I’ve see his film “Baby Driver” countless times and every time I watch it I follow every action as it synchs up with the music and it just feels so satisfying. It’s a feeling that I rarely get in films other than Edgar Wright’s.

  25. I believe that Wes Anderson would be considered a modern auteur director. This director has a unique style of stop motion which can be seen in the films The Fantastic Mr. Fox (2009) and the Isle of Dogs (2018). In addition, Anderson uses symmetry and a particular color palette in his films to create visually pleasing shots. The rhythm of his films is what stands out to me the most. Scenes are shot with lots of action-packed motions paired with quick cutting transitions. The viewer needs to be able to keep up with the flow of the film however this pays off with comedic timing and context. From what I have read, Wes Anderson grew up in a normal family and lived a fairly normal white middle-class life. This gives his films interior meaning with the incorporation of white upper to middle-class conflicts and invented realities.

  26. One of my favorite directors is Zack Snyder. I know Snyder from his work on the DC films. He is good at bringing the stories from the comic books into his films. I believe he is an auteur. Snyder uses a lot of slow motion in his action scenes. He also likes to zoom in during some action scenes. In his films he likes to show montages and he has a specific color palette that he uses. A theme in Snyder’s films is sacrifice, the characters like to be heroes and save people by sacrificing themselves. I believe this is what gives Snyder’s films “interior meaning.”

  27. Not a single director but a pair, Josh and Benny Safdie create films that have a style I have not seen replicated by another director. The Safdie brothers use of dialogue creates a unique sense of anxiety in their films, particularly Uncut Gems (2019). Characters are constantly speaking over each other never giving the viewer a chance to catch their breath, which provides a sense of relief when the film finally ends even if the film does not have a happy ending. Good Time (2017) also reaches this effect through the feeling of movement. Connie never stays in the same spot for long, which never gives the viewer a chance to become comfortable with a certain area, it always feels unfamiliar. Both these films are excellent examples of the Safdie brothers chaos film making. They are both perfectionists, the script for Uncut Gems with through 160 drafts before they were happy with it. I am very excited to see their future projects as they perfect the art of making the audience uncomfortable, but unable to stop watching.

  28. When I thought of an auteur, Tim Burton was the first person I thought of. The reason Burton was the first to come to mind is his very distinct and dark style of film. Burton produces somewhat children’s movies such as The Nightmare before Christmas, Alice through the Looking Glass and The Corpse Bride; each of these movies are very different from each other, but the similarity, the interior meaning, is the darkness he puts into the characters appearance and the acting. They are not friendly movies, they can be almost frightening to some audiences, but it is his style.

  29. Tim Burton immediately comes to mind while pondering auteurs. When I was really little I remember being a little freaked out whenever I saw previews for his movies but ended up actually enjoying them when I watched. The claymation figures along with the dark gloomy backgrounds create similar spooky-like themes through several of his films. The figures have big eyes, skeleton-like bodies, and dark clothing in his films such as Corpse Bride, and Frankenweenie. The films have a dark setting with low lighting that gives it the sort of Halloween vibe. They are easily identified because of the characters that Tim Burton creates.

  30. Woody Allen is an auteur director. In several of his films, including ‘Take the Money and Run’, ‘Annie Hall’, ‘Sleeper’, ‘Manhattan’, ‘Broadway Danny Rose’, and ‘Crimes and Misdemeanors’, Allen is a character that is usually a writer or an artist. His character always is portrayed very similarly across his films, with thick glasses and long hair. Another common theme is his use of mise-en-scene and filming in large cities. These settings are usually used for romantic scenes. He also uses the theme of relationships in several of his films which usually involve a not very positive relationship between the main character and a woman.

  31. When thinking of an auteur director, the first person to pop in my mind was David Russel. I’ve watched two David Russell films, Silver Linings Playbook and American Hustle. From these films you can see that he has a certain style to his films. The technical features that he employs in films is his use of 360 camera angles, where he meticulously focuses on the characters. Some other features from his films include mental illness and drug abuse as well as other topics. What gives Russel’s films an” interior meaning” is his energy, attention to camera angles, precise shots, and the amount of detail and emotions he has for each character.

  32. Quentin Tarantino immediately stuck out to me when I thought go the word auteur. As I learned more about what an auteur was and how their creativity and artistic control dominate their movies I knew Tarantino was the perfect choice. Tarantino utilizes various camera angles in his films to create intense and anxious scenes. His “interior meaning” within his films is his use of blood and gore throughout most, if not, his films. Also, he implements morally ambiguous characters to cause to viewer to think about the ethics and overall morality of the protagonist in each film. The introduction of morally ambiguous characters brings the leading star to the viewers attention.

  33. Steven Spielberg has become an auteur of our generation with some of the most popular movies of all time such as Indiana Jones, E.T., and Jurassic Park. His film techniques fit each film perfectly with his ability to draw in the audience with suspense being second to pretty much none. Spielberg’s movies tend to make me ask ”what if” after all of his movies. By this I mean many of his films are shows the world with one major change that drastically effects the world or a group of people. To me, his “interior meaning” is his ability to draw the audience in with his film techniques and tell a story of how life would be if some things were different.

  34. Alfred Hitchcock is who I first thought of when pondering auteurs. Hitchcock has directed some of the most well-known horror and thriller movies and definitely has a characteristic style. His films are so well crafted that he has earned the nickname “Master of Suspense”. Some of the themes that come up repeatedly in his movies are tumultuous mother and son relationships (his most popular film- Psycho), protagonists that are under some sort of investigation (Vertigo and Easy Virtue), and mundane situations that turn sinister (Shadow of a Doubt). Hitchcock started making movies during the era of silent films. This meant that the audio aspects of his films were secondary to the visual ones. This is why we tend to remember the way his movies look, such as the bird attacks in The Birds, rather than the dialogue.

  35. Growing up enjoying crime thrillers, Martin Scorsese’s mafia films stand out to me above most others. His films about the mafia tend to start at a later point of the main character’s life but after a few minutes go back to them as a younger person and chronologically move from there. Using contemporary rock, pop, and swinging jazz music of the 60’s-80’s, Scorsese creates a mood of a high lifestyle that seems to brush off the seemingly every day violence surrounding the cast of characters. In regards to his interior meaning, at some point the main character in these films is brushed out of their high lifestyle and is seemingly forced to move on and live a much more ordinary life. Scorsese in his youth tried to get into the seminary but failed and this lesson reflects in his work. That lesson can be summarized as “a chapter in your life has closed, it is time to move on no matter what shape it may take”.

  36. Steven Spielberg is one of the most influential people in the history of cinema. To be an auteur is a director who has a unique personal technique and style over their films. The theory states that the director is the one and only that being a film to life with his own personal style and techniques. He is known for directing science fiction films. Spielberg has a series of films he’s produced including Shrek. Speilberg’s productions are super successful because he brings his vision to life in his films, and he really gets the audience’s attention. He has different types of shots that he may not have come up with, but because he uses them to their full potential he is very well known for them.

  37. This may seem obscure but I am gonna pick Louis Malle, the director of ‘My Dinner with Andre’ (1981) and ‘Atlantic city.’ (1980) While his more famous features are filled with style I find his documtries speak to his style and even inform his narrative films. For this example I am going to reference the set of documentaries in the eclipse series on his career, that being: ‘vive la tour’ (1962), ‘humain, trop humain’ (’73), ‘place de la République’ (’74), ‘phantom india’ (’69), ‘calcutta’ (’69), ‘gods country’ (’85) and ‘…and the pursuit of happiness’ (’86). Malle’s most famous work ‘my dinner with Andre’ is upheld for it’s documentary like style, which I felt reminded me of gods country. Within gods country a time skip happens whereas he returns 6 years later and you can see the ways his style changes overtime. I think what makes Malle an auteur is the fact that each of these films bar the pursuit of happiness had a goal when filming began; he truly encapsulates the feeling of documentary filmmaking, let the subject be the story. This sort of aimless objective informs his other works such and Andre and Atlantic city. Through his experience he paved the way for many modern documentaries that break out of the ken burns style and trust the subject to real in the audience. Malle is an incredible inspiration to me and he left his mark on the field, at the end of the day that’s how to measure the power of style and auteurship, is it not?

  38. Guillermo Del Toro is an auteur director that comes to mind. His style is usually pretty dark and focuses on the darker fantasy, sometimes mixed into the modern world like with his adaptation of Hellboy, as well as Pan’s Labyrinth, and The Shape of Water. He always incorporates fantasy in a form of horror in most of his films. What gives this “interior meaning” is even though Del Toro has set his films in different eras, there is still an element of fantasy in some sort of dark way only Del Toro can do. His films can also be seen as metaphors for everyday experiences. Each character goes through a fantastical adventure, people with their own problems that need to be solved as well as children trying to navigate themselves during war and etc.

  39. When I was thinking of directors that could be described as auteurs, I quickly thought of Quentin Tarantino. Every Tarantino film I’ve ever seen has a very distinct atmosphere, despite the various subject matters his movies cover. All of his movies are intense, dark, and starkly violent, and these features contribute to his interior design. He even reuses many of the same actors, such as Brad Pitt and Samuel L. Jackson. A key feature that defines many of Tarantino’s films are that he likes to take preexisting concepts or even historical events as put a twist on them, such as Inglourious Basterds, which takes real historical times and places fictional characters and events in them- in this case, the assassination of Hitler.

  40. I think an example of modern auteur cinema directors are the Safdie Brothers, a pair of brothers who team up to direct movies. I will focus on their two most recent works they have written and directed, Good Time and Uncut Gems. Auteur directors often take a heavy hand in their films, and the Safdie Brothers direct, act, edit, and work in sound production on their pictures. In Good Time, a bank robbery goes wrong and one of the robbers is captured and his brother tries to get the money for bail by any means necessary. In Uncut Gems, a jewelry store owner tries to make big money on sports gambling so he can pay off his mafia debts. Both films have a rich color palette, contrasting bright lights with dark shadows, an electronic score, use close-up shots when characters are talking, draw dialect from the streets of New York, and use non-actors. The interior meaning of these films are examining how greed drives desperation, how greed hurts the ones you love, and modern Jewishness in a chaotic world. In Good Time, Connie’s greed ends up getting his mentally handicapped brother behind bars, and his journey to break him only makes things worse. In Uncut Gems, Howard’s gambling negatively affects his children, his wife, and his extended family, ending with him paying the price. Both characters are desperate for cash, and Connie’s drug schemes and Howard’s gambling get riskier as things fall apart around them. Finally, each film is a study in Jewishness in a chaotic world. Howard and the bond-loaner both represent the greedy archetype and disregard the negative consequences. The bond loaner takes cash that is obviously stolen, and Howard spends the whole movie trying to get more money. Howard’s father-in-law Gooey contrasts that, being wise and generous towards Howard and his family. Howard uses this generosity and exploits it, leaving Gooey broke and angry, which shows how greed can hurt those close to you. I enjoyed both films (even if every scene felt like an anxiety attack!) and I look forward to seeing how these filmmakers adapt and change their style as they continue. (Also, A24 produces great independent auteur films!)

  41. Personally, when I think of a director who fits the mold of an auteur, I think of Christopher Nolan. In his film The Dark Night, the joker plays a very disturbing role as someone who is very mentally unstable. Not only this particular film, but a lot of Nolan’s films tend to be very dark and somewhat intense. As an observation, most of his films title pages fall into the color scheme that portrays the dark and mysterious setting. One thing that Christopher Nolan does to demonstrate “interior meaning” is the type of films that there is typically a character (Joker for example in The Dark Night) who is battling something mental. Most of Nolan’s film have some type of character who is dealing with an internal battle that then effects them to the outside work. Most films are rather nefarious in my opinion.

  42. Aaron Sorkin is an auteur director. He both writes and directs all of his films which involve telling true stories, for example The Trail of the Chicago 7 and Molly’s Game. Sorkin’s films have a unique feature called the “walk and talk”. These sequences consist of single tracking shots of long duration involving multiple characters engaging in conversation as they move through the set; characters enter and exit the conversation as the shot continues without any cuts. Sorkin also always developes characters by putting them in a tight bind and seeing how they get out of it, therefore Sorkin relies on the story itself rather than the ending. This leaves the audience a little sad once they get to end instead of amazed at where the characters ended up, and that’s how you know it is a Sorkin film.

  43. For this auteur assignment I believe Tim Burton is one of the best out there. Not only does he direct, but he also writes and is fully involved in every aspect of the movie making process. He always makes his characters a little funny or out of the ordinary but still make it feel normal in the world he is trying to portray, which can sometimes be a hard task to do. For example, in Edward Scissorhands, Edward was fairly normal until you looked at his hands. He was not treated as normal, but people still grew to love him despite the malformity.

  44. Unbeknownst to me I have a favorite director, Joe Wright. With his beautiful work he should also be labeled an auteur; these include Pride and Prejudice (2012), Anna Karenina, Hanna and The Soloist as my favorites. After some digging, it was interesting to find that he uses inspiration from David Lynch’s mystical qualities in his own works. Even with his direction of Pan none of his movies necessarily feel good even if they have a seemingly happy ending. He brings a realness that is hard to be met with good vibes from period pieces, to an accurate portraying of schizophrenia to the mystical to action thrillers, as each genre nailed down. He has a way of captivating the audience, focusing on little actions of the characters and making them stand out. He also likes to use long action shots being quoted saying “Basically, I just like showing off”, and showing off he does through the care and skill that crafts these movies.

  45. Guillermo Del Toro represents an auteur much more geared to fantasy and horror genres. His films tend to portray three-dimensional, realistic characters against a backdrop of fairytale-like environments that echo the stark realism of its characters with Del Toro’s penchant for gore and atmosphere. Movies in his filmography, like The Shape of Water, Pan’s Labyrinth and Hellboy tend to tackle mature themes like grappling with one’s sexuality or finding a reason to live and seeing it through with conviction, escapism through acceptance whether it be from a sad, rarely optimistic real world or into one’s own imagination; the acceptance tends to be either from oneself or other similarly struggling characters. He brings this attention to detail to his unique approach to world-building, portraying within a set of wide tracking, tilt, panning shots his appreciation for old, fantastical architecture and often times equally fantastical characters, like trolls, goblins, demons and satyrs. The Troll Market from Hellboy II is most notable. His direction of action sequences is similarly profound and complex, banking on the character’s relationship with the environment–a superior manipulation of it being a condition surviving or winning against larger or at the very least more technically proficient opponents or attackers. Though naturally effects-heavy, both his emphasis on scope in world-building and action sequences still fascinate and compliment the richness of his themes and characters to leave audiences deeply emotionally invested in the story on display. Whether it be excitement from Hellboy and his team confronting creatures of varying degrees of size, ability and fear factor, the warmth of Shape of Water’s tale of finding romance out of acceptance. Even the simultaneous fear, grief and amazement over the real and fictional worlds in Pan’s Labyrinth witnessed through the eyes of the teenage Ophelia, Del Toro’s interior meaning lies in his mastery of the art of storytelling, balancing a unique, detailed imagining of environments with realistic characters and deeply resonant themes that only bolster the impact of the fantasy and horror-laden world he sets his narrative, set pieces and characters within.

  46. I believe Jordan Peele should be considered as an auteur. He’s well known for his comedy and horror. Peele is very talented in the film industry. He’s not only a director, but also a comedian and actor. His work with such different genres shows his dynamic range. Get Out, Us, and Candyman are some of his recent well known films. He was also behind the Twighlight Zone’s return. Peele’s “interior meaning” resides in his intricate, thought provoking stories and story telling abilities.

  47. I think Tim Burton is a good example of auteur theory. As a director, he sets a dark theme over his movies by including haunting and eerie tones. One way that it is made spookier is seen through the Claymation movies that he has both directed and produced. The use of “interior meaning” in his films are through the understanding of life and death. In the movie Frankenweenie, a child’s dog passes and instead of fully grieving, the child resurrects it. Resurrection could never happen, but it speaks to wanting to have more time with someone after they have passed.

  48. One of my favorite directors is Quentin Tarantino, and I do believe that he is a perfect example of an auteur. Every film he makes is different from the other, but we are able to see his unique style coming out from each film that he produces. He is known for long, drawn out dialogues, non- linear narratives, and a mixture of humor and violence. He is also known for using references to pop culture as well as vulgar language. One thing that sticks out to me about his films, that I find unique from others’ work, are the angles that he uses for his shots, especially his use of close up shots. His films are lengthy, but that is because we get different viewpoints. As the viewers, we get details that we wouldn’t usually notice or care about, but they are eventually important to give a deeper understanding of the narrative.

  49. When I think of Auteurs I instantly think of Quentin Tarantino. His movies all have a very distinct style, and are very easily recognizable. Tarantino uses a lot of violence, and is quoted as saying “Violence is one of the most fun things to watch.” Another characteristic of Tarantino films that carry over across all his pieces is his use of dialogue to familiarize the viewer with characters. Tarantino frames the violence in his films with dialogue, setting the stage for the viewer to expect the violence. For instance, in the film Inglorious Basterds, Tarantino has a character slip up and lose his disguise while in a bar, which results in a shootout. Along with these distinct characteristics, another way that Tarantino films are uniquely his is through his use of title cards and text on screen to contextualize scenes. For instance, in Django unchained Tarantino makes use of title cards to tell the viewer the year and location of the upcoming scenes.

    • What gives Tarantino films “interior meaning” is his distinct style of shooting, use of the same actors (notably Samuel L. Jackson) in movies that are otherwise quite different, his use of violence, and his distinct and unique way of pacing the storytelling.

  50. My favorite director has to be Micheal Bay and I believe he is considered auteur in his film making tendencies. Most of his movies are different story lines and have their own meaning but with Micheal Bay movies, one can expect long cinematic fight scenes and lots of explosions in most of them. He has a knack for making every fight scene seem very intense and in the few other movies based on scary stories, he is very good and consistent with the constant eeriness and suspense. His main detail to most of his movies in the closing of them is his ability to leave it on a cliffhanger making most of the viewers wanting another movie. I think this is his biggest trademark on some of his bigger movies like the Transformer series.

  51. I believe that David O. Russell can be considered an auteur. A lot of Russell’s films have the same message that family can save you from your problems. The director has been very open about his own family’s experiences with mental illness and I think that is what has helped to influence a lot of his films. Russell is also very well known for his mise-en-scene when the camera moves toward characters, away from characters and even circles around characters. The director consistently has either love or family saving the main character from something horrible, whether it is mental illness or some other kind of problem, which gives his films “interior meaning”.

  52. When I thought of an auteur director, I thought of Michael Bay who is famously known for the Transformers films. The obvious reason for this choice was simply the multiple scenes that used explosions throughout his films. However, there are more elements in his film that create his own unique and identifiable style. Bay recycles many of the same shots, editing patterns, and color schemes which typically include hot neon color contrasts. His movies also often appear to take place in a continuous magic hour with moody sunsets and sunrises looming in the background. Bay also uses a lot of motion in his shots, filling the frames with noise and activity with control over all the action. The editing on the other hand is often frenetic to the point of being obscure or looking more for sensation than making sense. Michael Bay has the style of making his films seem exhausting and fast, making the viewers test one’s limits to process information. Bay also understands that his own style is chaotic and seemingly uncontrollable, but he knows which things need to be controlled or chaotic.

  53. One director that comes to mind as an auteur is Guillermo del Toro, known for his movies “The Shape of Water” and “Pan’s Labyrinth.” Not only does he direct these movies and many others, he is also predominantly a writer for them, and it shows in the tropes that are present in his movies. The films already mentioned along with others such as Crimson Peak and Hellboy include monsters as symbols such as human greed (The Pale Man), trauma (the red ghosts), and nonconformity in society (The Fish Man). His movies are also shot in a way that highlights the dark fantasy genre he uses often, with dark and mysterious settings.

  54. Quintin Tarantino is a director and would be considered an auteur as well. A lot of the Quintin Tarantino films he’s directed have been very violent, dramatic, and high-action movies. Tarantino is very creative in his use of mise-en-scene. In Each of his movies his techniques vary but from what I’ve seen he uses a lot of close-up variations of transitions and wide shots to help viewers understand his films. Lastly, Tarantino creates a unique storyline in his film which usually involves something deeper then what the viewer would perceive on the surface.

  55. A director that comes to mind when I think of auetur is Taika Waititi. He is known for directing Thor Ragnorok, Jojo Rabbit and Hunt for the Wilder People. The way he directs Waititi always has a sense of humor in the movie. For example, his most recent film Jojo Rabbit takes place in world war two and follows a little boy in Germany who idolizes Hitler who is his imaginary friend in the film. Waititi brings in a unique humor that makes the movie seem more light hearted but at times can be very morbid. Another theme he follows is he always manages to focus it on family when directing. Jojo Rabbit the little boy is close with his mother and Hunt for the Wilder People the main character Ricky is close with his adoptive family. Waititi movies are unique through their humor and quirkiness yet his movies always manage to be completly different from the rest.

  56. A director I perceive as an auteur is Peter Berg. Peter Berg’s notable films are “Lone Survivor” and has also produced TV shows, including the classic football drama “Friday Night Lights.” In the build up to filming “Lone Survivor,” Peter Berg deployed to Afghanistan with a SEAL platoon and became very close with the platoon and the community. Peter Berg was so close in fact that active duty members would come to his residence in Hollywood and play pranks on him during the night. He takes his role as a producer very seriously and truly cares about the products he puts out, ensuring that the characters are honored.

  57. An auteur director that I view is Michael Bay. One of his films that sticks out to me is “13 Hours: The Secret Solider of Benghazi”. Along with this fantastic film, Michael Bay has directed a plethora of other films such as Bad Boys, The Purge series, A Quiet Place and the Transformers series. Michael Bay is know for his ability to create fast paced, big budget and packed action movies. He started his career working music videos as well as commercials. His excellence within the commercial industry allowed him an opportunity to work within the movie industry and he seized the opportunity.

  58. Wes Anderson is a director/ cinematographer who I consider an auteur. The way that Wes Anderson directs allows for all of his movies to have the same sort of artistic surrealism. Every movie is set up in a way that makes everyday life seem extremely staged and aesthetically measured. Because of his unique style, the films that he directs are very easily identified. He works with many different styles, such as animation and live action, and is still able to convey the same amount of artistic characteristics that define his work. For example, similarities between his films Fantastic Mr. Fox and Moonrise Kingdom can be found within the color scheme of earth tones and pastels, as well as their dreamy quirky soundtrack. While Fantastic Mr. Fox is animated, and Moonrise Kingdom is live action they both exhibit signatures that belong to Wes Anderson. A few examples of these signatures would be wide landscape shots that have the characters placed sporadically across them that then transfer to close ups of each characters individual reaction. He is also able to create the appearance of a continuous shot even in his clay-mation movies. His work offers an interior meaning by taking rather mundane life sequences and turning them into an adventure, usually because of decisions between only a few characters that then end up enveloping the rest of the characters. This allows for the audience to have an experience of cause and effect while still feeling light hearted and artistically fulfilled.

  59. The movie director James Cameron Is an auteur in my opinion because of the style of his work. He is was the director of the “Titanic” along with the movie “Avatar” which were both blockbuster movies. In both of these films James Cameron uses his unique touch to lure the viewers in. In these films there is an underlying message that he makes sure to relay to the audience, which leaves you fulfilled and entertained all in one. Both the “Titanic” and “Avatar” have a romantic storyline that is intertwined with the larger plot of the film. The love that is in both of the films has a direct impact on the outcome of both storylines. James Cameron is known for making movies that have a deep plot that goes through a lot of twist and turns as the film goes on.

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